Many different glass-to-metal seals were proven to be more reliable hermetic seals even under extreme operating conditions.  Some of the metals used were mild steel, stainless steel and titanium.  Aluminum is a better choice for batteries used in some applications due to its inherent corrosion resistance and light weight.  However, with the existing processes and materials it is hard to manufacture GTM with Aluminum. The melting point of Aluminum is around 660 C while that of glass is much higher.  At Electrodes and More we successfully found a process, and materials to do GTM with Aluminum.
GTM involves bonding of glass and metal to create hermetic seal.  There are different ways to produce GTM, essentially involves melting the glass and bonding it to the metal parts through high-temperature sintering process.  Often the sintering atmosphere is controlled depending on the materials involved.   Oxides are used sometimes to get better bonding between metal and the glass.  Thermal expansion co-efficient (TEC) of the metal and the glass have to be matched. The above processes where the TEC of the metal and the glass are matched are called Matched Seal.  The processes, where metal with different TEC than the Glass, is called compression process.

There are two important criteria for a GTM with good hermetic seal.
  1. The molten glass must be capable of wetting the metal to for a tight bond and
  2. The thermal expansion of the glass and metal must be closely matched.
When one material goes through a hole in the other, such as a metal wire through a glass bulb, and the inner material's coefficient of thermal expansion is higher than that of the outer, it will shrink more as it cools, cracking the seal. If the inner material's coefficient of expansion is slightly less, the seal will tighten as it cools, which is often beneficial.

Advantages of GTM Seals:

  • Good joint strengths
  • Good high temperature capability
  • Capable of producing many joints simultaneously
  • Inexpensive constituents
  • Simple, flexible process

Some of the challenges are
  • unable to cope with large CTE mismatches
  • precise control of glass composition requires
 Having Aluminum cans and lids with GTM can improve the specific energy for your battery; capacitor and or can reduce your product weight significantly.
 If you are interested in GTMs for your products with Aluminum or other metals feel free to contact us with your requirements.  We have some standard configurations available in stock. You can buy some samples of those to test the concept and can move forward with the final design.  We can make both cylindrical and rectangular cans and lids to fit your need.
We can also make other metal to glass seal for various applications.
Contact details:, (877)394-3941